A lot of medication can be given to a type 2 diabetic patient. It may be taken orally or it may also be injected. Exercise and proper diet is usually just the things needed of a type 2 diabetic to regulate and control their blood sugar. On the other hand, depending on your doctor, he may give you extra medication considering your health and other factors. He’ll administer one if he thinks he has the need to do so.
Here are some of the medicines usually given to type 2 diabetics:
“Metformin,” is usually the drug used to treat type 2 diabetes. It helps you lose weight and control blood sugar. It improves sensitivity of your tissues to insulin so that the insulin can be used more properly. This medication shall always go hand in hand with exercise and proper diet. However, if you feel any side effects with this medication, immediately call and inform your doctor.
This treatment is used to make the body produce more insulin. It lowers blood sugar level and makes you gain more weight.
These are like the Sulfonylureas but are more fast-acting except these don’t stay active in the body for too long. They encourage the body to secrete more insulin. They are also not that risky in terms of extremely lowering blood sugar, unlike the Sulfonylureas.
This treatment is similar to metformin; however, it produces more and serious side effects such as heart problems like heart failure and fracture. This makes the body more sensitive to insulin; but this is rarely the first choice given to those who are diabetics.
- DPP-4 inhibitors
DPP-4 inhibitors helps reduce blood sugar levels. These tend to have the most insignificant side effect because unlike the others, these don’t seem to cause weight gain.
- GLP-1 receptor agonists
This kind of medication slows down digestion. It lowers blood sugar level but not as much as Sulfonylureas do. It also makes the risk for pancreatitis higher and gives the patient nausea.
- SGLT2 inhibitors
This is the newest drug being used as treatment of diabetes type 2. They prevent kidneys from reabsorbing glucose in the blood stream so the sugar tends to be excreted in urine. Side effects are usually UTI and yeast infections.
- Insulin therapy
Insulin therapy interferes with the body’s digestion if taken by mouth and because of this, rather than taking it orally, it was preferred to just be injected.
A dose of injected insulin is needed every day to help the body regulate sugar in blood. Several Types of Insulin are:
- Rapid Acting
Works in about 15 minutes
Peak comes in 1 hr after taking it and continues to work for 2-4 hours more
- Regular or Short-Acting
Works within 30 minutes
Peak comes in between 2-3 hours and continues to work for 3-6 hours more
- Intermediate Acting
Would take time to get in the bloodstream; takes about 2-4 hours after injection before being absorbed
Peak comes between 4-12 hours and will work for 12-18 hours
- Long Acting
Takes a longer time to be absorbed in the system but lasts for almost 24 hours.
Insulins are kept in a vial and needs a syringe to draw it out. Present studies now made it in a prefilled pen. Another kind is to be inhaled. You can also get it from a pump. The physician will help you to pick the type and the delivery method that’s best for you.
These are the type 2 diabetes treatments which are readily available for the patients. Best thing is to prevent it by living healthy and loving oneself. It’s always — always up to us.